Why do we get wrinkles on the face as we age?
Written by: Amapola
This article will discuss skin aging on the face, its most common organic and external causes, as well as the best way to delay the aging process.
The passage of time is a natural process to which all human beings are subject. We can define aging as the process of decrease of the maximum function and conservation capacity of all the organs of the body, this deterioration leads to disease and then irremediably to death; this detriment occurs at the cellular level but is influenced by several external, genetic and biological factors.
As we know wrinkles are a natural part of this process, scientific evidence shows that they can be more prominent in people who sunbathe excessively, the changes that exposure to environmental factors can produce are multiple and affect each of the layers and components of the skin, from the outer layer to the subcutaneous cellular tissue; this article aims to provide information about the symptoms and main causes of wrinkles on the face.
The main objective of this research will be to address the problem of wrinkles, since in maturity it is one of the main aesthetic concerns for women and men who, as time goes by, notice substantial changes in the texture of their skin; Wrinkles are a problem that has always existed within the senile population, under this order of ideas it should be taken into account that there is no organ that suffers as many changes and visible variations as the skin since it is the organ most exposed to external factors such as pollution and climate, therefore it is important to also address what are the possible ways to care for the skin in the best way that care should be taken to avoid or delay as much as possible its early deterioration and what treatments exist to change its appearance once these inevitable changes have begun to be noticed.
The purpose of this research is to propose a definition of the concept of wrinkles and identify their causes, symptoms and other ways to treat them surgically and with natural treatments. This research will be based on the collection of information found on the web, this research will have a qualitative approach, within it will be used techniques and tools that allow us to deepen the study of wrinkles.
To begin with we must be clear about what wrinkles are and what are the main symptoms of facial aging.
Wrinkles are small folds and lines that appear on the skin, some of them can become deep furrows and be particularly noticeable around the mouth, neck, sides and around the eyes, these are produced thanks to the movements and facial expressions we use every day, such as closing our eyes or smiling, that is, every time we use our facial muscles and produce a facial expression, as the facial skin ages, it loses flexibility and it is difficult for it to regain its shape.
With this in mind, we must identify the most common causes of the appearance of these changes in the skin, since wrinkles are the result of the combination of several factors, some of which cannot be controlled with any treatment. We will begin by addressing the issue of age and aging, a process in which the skin loses a large amount of natural oils producing a drying of the pores and thus loss of natural elasticity, making the face look more wrinkled and dry, this process decreases the amount of fat in the deeper layers of the skin making it look loose and flaccid and that lines and furrows are becoming deeper and more pronounced over the years. Through the aging process the skin undergoes significant structural changes, there is a thinning of the epidermis reducing its volume between 10-50% between 30 and 80 years of age, these age alterations mainly affect the stem cells, the contact between the dermis and the epidermis is reduced increasing the fragility of the skin.
Among the most common causes of facial aging is exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. This radiation accelerates the natural aging process and is the main cause of the appearance of wrinkles prematurely, that is, this exposure to ultraviolet light, affects the tissue that connects the different layers in the skin, this tissue is composed of collagen and elastin fibers, the latter is located in the deepest layer of the skin, in other words the dermis, causing the connective tissue loses the ability to sustain and maintain the firmness, strength and flexibility needed.
Another cause of premature wrinkles is smoking, which accelerates the natural aging process of the skin, and prolonged tobacco consumption is related to the appearance of skin wrinkles. The free radicals in tobacco reduce the antioxidant capacity, decreasing the absorption of vitamin A and altering the normal levels of collagen and elastin in the skin, as well as having a more direct exposure to tobacco smoke the facial skin is the most affected. Epidemiological studies deduce that the risk of suffering from prominent wrinkles in smokers is almost three times higher than in non-smokers.
Repetitive facial expressions also represent a percentage of the causes of facial skin aging, experts say that certain facial gestures generate expression lines difficult to eliminate, people with vision problems for example are seriously affected, gestures such as frowning are often associated with people suffering from photo-sensitivity, myopia or other vision pathology, as the person tends to constantly frown; among other factors we find stress, poor posture and poor sleep.
Now, to find a possible solution to the problem of premature aging, we must address prevention and possible ways to protect the skin before these signs of aging appear and minimize the impact of external and biological factors. Limit the time spent exposed to the sun, especially between noon and one o’clock in the afternoon and if this is not possible use protective clothing that covers the skin from the direct rays of the sun, in addition to the use of sunscreen, regardless of the time of year, this sunscreen should contain a sun factor of at least 15 °. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher. Frequent use of sunscreen will help prevent irreversible sun damage to facial skin.
On the other hand, moisturizing the skin plays a very important role in delaying the signs of aging, since dry skin increases the amount of dead cells on the top layer of the skin, which can cause fine lines and premature wrinkles, moisturizing after bathing is very important if you want to prevent these effects, for this you should use products indicated for moisturizing the face.
It goes without saying that not smoking is the best way to prevent premature aging, since by not consuming tobacco the chemical effects it has on the skin will be minimal. Following a healthy diet that contains necessary vitamins and proteins and balanced food intake will help protect the skin, so it is advisable to consume fruits and vegetables with high vitamin A content such as green leafy vegetables and other green, orange and yellow vegetables, such as carrots, broccoli and pumpkins and fruits like mango and melon, in addition to a regular consumption of water.
On the other hand, when wrinkles and expression lines have already appeared, there are a lot of treatments available in the market that help improve the appearance of aging skin so that these effects are less noticeable, among them are certain medications such as topical retinoids which are controlled drugs containing retinoids, derivatives of vitamin A that help reduce fine wrinkles, spots and roughness, the possible side effects of these drugs are itching, redness, temporary dryness or burning. There are also over-the-counter anti-wrinkle creams that have components that can help remove the top layer of dead skin and stimulate new skin growth, but these results will be limited and short-lived.
To conclude it is important to mention that nothing stops the aging process of the skin, as it is a basic process to which all human beings are subject, although it is very difficult to pause the signs of aging, which is why you must follow certain care and prevention to help naturally delay this aging to avoid the premature development of wrinkles and expression lines, so it is important to avoid smoking and constant exposure to the sun, as these are key factors that trigger this premature aging; Additionally, medicine and science have given us a great variety of alternatives to improve the appearance of wrinkles causing more and more people to safely undergo these treatments backed by science, as well as leading a healthy life, good hydration and facial skin care will make these signs of aging less noticeable.